lördagen den 14:e juli 2012
The Pragmatism of Zarathushtra (The Origin of Peirce's and Dewey's thinking)
Exactly, I could not agree more! Ushta Alexander 2012/7/14 Special Kain
Everyone who reads John Dewey's texts, for example "Philosophy and Civilization", will suddenly realize that Zarathushtra was the first pragmatist thinker. You can read The Gathas next to Dewey's texts or Charles Sanders Peirce's texts published in "The Monist". The idea behind pragmatism was already there 3'700 years ago.
Von: Alexander Bard
Gesendet: 11:05 Samstag, 14.Juli 2012
Betreff: [Ushta] The Pragmatism of Zarathushtra (was: Materia, Energy, Time, and Nature)
And why not then also make the radical step and ask ourselves who was the first Pragmatist thinker?
Zarathushtra of course.
He may have shared a belief in some kind of after-life which we today would regard as illogical (and not very useful) but since this was BEYOND Zarathushtra's everyday life, to him this was an area of poetry and gameplaying but not a DOGMATIC TEACHING as in Abrahamism. Which is why we both can and should disregard this part of his speaking.
To the contrary, Zarathushtra was interested in the here and now, understanding the human psyche, and focusing on what could be done, on wisdom and not on empty speculation or supramoralism.
Which is why Pragmatism dates back all the way to a certain Zarathushtra. Just like Daoism and Zen are also later driven by Pragmatism and not Idealism.
2012/7/14 Special Kain
I agree with Alexander. Parviz acts like a logical positivist here.
I like John Dewey's instrumentalist take on scientific research which states that our fantasies are TOOLS rather than photographs or mirrors that need to be cleaned and polished in order to see the world as it is. Dewey's metaphor accounts for changes in our environment, so we always have to create new tools in order to navigate successfully. Because the tools we use and the reasons for which we use them - and the effects caused by social uses - will affect the environment in which we use them (= feedback loops). And one tool proves successful in one environment, while another tool proves successful in another environment. Simply put, not the truth but the situation decides.
Which is trans-rationalism, because we have fantasies which are, logically speaking, mutually exclusive (= which contradict each other) and yet these fantasies work in different environments. As you enter the kitchen and prepare supper, you will "speak a language" that is different from the "language" which you "speak" at your workplace or which scientists "speak" at CERN - which makes perfect sense. And this isn't very far from Nietzsche's perspectivist take on epistemological issues. The world out there (= the nominal chaos) doesn't speak nor it is structured logically or rationalistically. Logic and reason (which both change over time) are tools.